Epidendrum allochronum

Epidendrum allochronum

Native to: Costa Rica south to Panama. Epidendrum allochronum grows on trees in moist mountainous forests from 1100 to 2100 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Medium.

Flower Size: Small.

Flower Description: The flowers of Epidendrum allochronum are produced at the end of the cane and produce a few purple flowers.

Bloom Season: Late Winter to Early Spring.

Growing Temperature: Warm to Cool

Additional Information: Grow Epidendrum allochronum mounted on cork bark or tree fern plaques and provide moisture throughout the year. This species tolerates a wide variety of temperatures and can be reliably grown under Cattleya orchid growing conditions. Provide humidity and air circulation for happy plants.

Synonyms: Epidendrum coriifolium var. purpurascens

Epidendrum alfaroi

Epidendrum alfaroi

Common Name: Alfaro's Epidendrum

Native to: Costa Rica, Columbia, Panama. Epidendrum alfaroi grows between 1100 and 2500 meters in elevation. It grows on tree branches in forest habitats.

Plant Size: Medium.

Flower Size: Small.

Flower Description: Fragrant. Flowers are produced on a terminal flower stem and bears several fragrant flowers.

Bloom Season: Fall?

Growing Temperature: Cool to Warm.

Additional Information: Grow this species mounted on wood, cork bark, or tree fern plaques. Provide ample water and fertilizer during periods of active growth and keep moist but not wet during the rest of the year.

Synonyms: Epidanthus alfaroi, Neowilliamsia alfaroi

Epidendrum albifloroides

Epidendrum albifloroides

Common Name: White-Flowered Epidendrum

Native to: Peru. Epidendrum albifloroides grows in wet, mountainous forests between 1200 and 1500 meters.

Plant Size: Medium. The plant has elongated stems with oblong leaves near the top.

Flower Size: 0.75 inches (2 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers of Epidendrum albifloroides are white in color and spidery in appearance. Mature stems produce 3 inch (8 cm) long arching flowering stems that produce many flowers.

Bloom Season: Fall

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Grow Epidendrum albifloroides mounted on cork bark or tree fern plaques. Provide Cattleya orchid growing conditions. Provide even moisture all year.

Synonyms: None.

Epidendrum albertii - Albert's Epidendrum

Epidendrum albertii

Common Name: Albert's Epidendrum

Native to: Costa Rica, Ecuador. Epidendrum albertii grows from 500 to 1500 meters in elevation on rocks near humid streams or on trees in wet forests.

Plant Size: Small. Epidendrum albertii has flattened, cane-like stems that are covered in many leafy sheaths. Leaves are green on top and reddish on the underside.

Flower Size: 0.25 inches (1 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers of Epidendrum albertii are small and produced on a short flower stem. Most plants produce one flower per stem.

Bloom Season: Fall

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm

Additional Information: This small-flowered species is rare in cultivation and a compact grower. Mount Epidendrum albertii on a cork or tree fern mount and provide regular water and misting. Fertilize evenly throughout the year. This species likes heat and humidity.

Synonyms: None.

Epidendrum acunae - Acuna's Epidendrum

Epidendrum acunae

Common Name: Acuna's Epidendrum

Native to: Florida, Cuba, Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. Epidendrum acunae is possibly extinct in Florida. In Mexico it is found in the Mexican states of Chiapas and Vera Cruz. This species prefers low-elevation tropical rainforest habitats from sea level to 1000 meters near water.

Plant Size: Large. Epidendrum acunae grows on trees and has a pendant or hanging habit. Stems are cane-like and have many leaves.

Flower Size: 1.5 inches (4 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers of Epidendrum acunae are produced on a short flower stem that grows an the top of the cane. Each growth produces one or two flowers.

Bloom Season: Summer

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm

Additional Information: This species has a dramatic, pendant habit and needs to be mounted on a large cork or wood mount. Provide warmth and humidity and even watering and fertilizer. Plants are large and can become impressive specimens. Epidendrum acunae was named in honor of a prominent Cuban engineer and orchid collector from the early 20th century.

Synonyms: Spathiger roigii

Encyclia yauaperyensis

Encyclia yauaperyensis

Common Name: Yauapery Encyclia Orchid

Native to: Brazil and Bolivia. Encyclia yauaperyensis is found growing on trees in the proximity of the Brazilian provence of Yauapery. It is part of the Alto Amazonas region of Brazil.

Plant Size: Medium. The plant has pear-shaped or conical pseudobulbs and two upright linear, sword-shaped leaves.

Flower Size: About 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The petals and sepals of Encyclia yauaperyensis are olive-green in color with washes of yellow. The lip is creamy with red or magenta spots and veins.

Bloom Season: Unknown.

Growing Temperature: Warm to Intermediate.

Additional Information: This species is very rare and is seldom grown in collections today. Grow like other members of the genus mounted on cork bark slabs or in slatted baskets. Provide standard Cattleya growing conditions with a little more humidity.

Synonyms: Epidendrum yauaperyense

Encyclia xerophytica

Encyclia xerophytica

Common Name: Desert Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia xerophytica is found growing in dry, desert-like habitats in the Brazilian state of Bahia where it grows on rocks. The species was discovered by A.B. Gomez Ferreira in 1972 but the exact location was never disclosed to keep collectors from decimating the population.

Plant Size: Small. Encyclia xerophytica has upright cone-shaped pseudobulbs that have three fleshy leaves that grow to 4 inches (10 cm) long.

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers are olive green with brown and have a with lip with rose blotches. Flowers tower over the plants on 18 inches (50 cm) unbranched flower stem that have up to 10 flowers.

Bloom Season: Summer

Growing Temperature: Intermediate.

Additional Information: Grow this rupicolous species like rupicolous Laelias in clay pots with inorganic growing media. Allow the growing media to dry between watering. Encyclia xerophytica is unusual and attractive but may prove difficult to grow in collections. It is not widely grown.
Synonyms: None.

Encyclia withneri

Encyclia withneri

Common Name: Withner's Encyclia

Native to: Encyclia withneri is endemic to the island of Andros in the Bahamas. The plants grow on trees and shrubs in shrubby forest habitats.

Plant Size: Small to Medium

Flower Size: 0.5 inches (1.25 cm)

Flower Description: description

Bloom Season: Spring

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm

Additional Information: Encyclia withneri is a small encyclia species that was first discovered in the 1970's. It is limited in distribution and in cultivation. Grow mounted on cork bark or grow in a slatted basket. The species was named after Dr. Carl Withner who is an American botanist who specializes in Cattleya orchids.

Synonyms: Epidendrum withnei

Encyclia viridiflora

Encyclia viridiflora
Common Name: Green-flowered Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. The original specimen was collected near the city of Rio de Janeiro in the 1800's. It has not been seen in the wild in many years and is possibly extinct.

Plant Size: Medium to Large. Encyclia viridiflora produces large onion-shaped pseudobulbs that have two folded leaves.

Flower Size: Small. Less than 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia viridiflora are green with a purple blotch at the base of the petals. Flowers do not open all the way and the flowers themselves are not really all that attractive. Several flowers bloom on a lightly branched panicle that grows among the leaves.

Bloom Season: Unknown

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm.

Additional Information: Only one specimen has been found and it is the type specimen for the genus. It is quite possible that this species has been lost due to habitat destruction.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia viridiflava

Encyclia viridiflava

Common Name: Yellow and Green Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia viridiflava is native to the far western Brazilian state of Rondonia where they grow on trees.

Plant Size: Medium. Encyclia viridiflava has 1 inch (2.5 cm) pseudobulbs that produce two wide, upright leaves that grow to 9 inches (22 cm).

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The attractive star-shaped flowers of Encyclia viridiflava are lime green in color with a pale yellowish-green lip that has magenta markings. No fragrance. The flower spike is unbranched and produces up to seven flowers that bloom among the leaves.

Bloom Season: Winter (June in Brazil)

Growing Temperature: Intermediate.

Additional Information: This species may end up being a synonym for Encyclia chlorantha. Grow mounted on cork or in a slatted basket. Provide ample water during periods of active growth and provide the plants with a dry winter rest period with reduced water. Cattleya growing conditions are acceptable. This species was just described at the end of the twentieth century and is not widespread in the trade. I expect to see more of these attractive plants in the future.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia unaensis

Encyclia unaensis

Common Name: Una Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia unaensis is native to a narrow strip of the Brazilian coast in the state of Bahia. It grows on a narrow coastal strand that gets more than average rain. Cattleya kerrii and Laelia alorii grow in the same habitat.

Plant Size: Medium to Small. Encyclia unaensis has 1 inch (2.5 cm) pear-shaped pseudobulbs and one or two leaves that grow to 10 inches (25 cm).

Flower Size: Small. 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The petals and sepals of Encyclia unaensis are olive-green with a brown wash and light yellow margins. The lip is cream colored and has colored markings. and a dark central spot. No fragrance.

Bloom Season: Spring (November in Brazil)

Growing Temperature: Warm to Intermediate.

Additional Information: Encyclia unaensis's habitat is preserved in a coastal park that also has a dwarf marmoset habitat. Not common in cultivation. Grow mounted on cork or in slatted wood baskets. Provide Cattleya growing conditions with more humidity and more frequent watering. The species comes from a wet, humid microclimate.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia tuerckheimii

Encyclia tuerckheimii

Common Name: Tuerckheim's Encyclia

Native to: Mexico. Encyclia tuerckheimii is found growing in the Mexican states of Oaxaca and Chiapas and Guatemala. It grows on trees in cool, moist pine and oak evergreen forests between 1400 and 2300 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Medium. Encyclia tuerckheimii has pear-shaped pseudobulbs that are tightly clustered. Each growth has two or three leaves.

Flower Size: 1.5 inches (4 cm)

Flower Description: Fragrant. Flowers are fleshy and substantial and last for a long time on the plant. The flowers have a distinct citrus-like fragrance reminiscent of tangerines. Few to many flowers are produced on a simple or lightly branched flower stalk.

Bloom Season: Spring, Summer, Fall

Growing Temperature: Cool.

Additional Information: Encyclia tuerckheimii prefers cooler, moister growing conditions than most other members of the genus. Mount on cork or grow in a slatted basket. Water frequently and keep moist but not wet. High humidity is appreciated.

Synonyms: Epidendrum tuerckheimii

Encyclia triangulifera - Triangular Encyclia

Encyclia triangulifera

Common Name: Triangular Encyclia

Native to: Cuba. It grows on trees on the island of Cuba in forests.

Plant Size: Medium. Encyclia triangulifera has pear-shaped pseudobulbs that have two short, upright leaves.

Flower Size: About 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: Six to eight flowers grow on an unbranched flower stem that grows to 16 inches (40 cm) tall.\

Bloom Season: Spring

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: Encyclia triangulifera needs bright light. Well-grown plants will have some red coloration or spotting on the leaves. Grow mounted on cork bark or grow in slatted baskets. Provide lots of air circulation and humidity.

Synonyms: Epidendrum triangulatum; Epidendrum trianguliferum

Encyclia trachycarpa - Rough-fruited Encyclia

Encyclia trachycarpa

Common Name: Rough-fruited Encyclia

Native to: Mexico. Encyclia trachycarpa grows on trees in dry deciduous tropical forests and arid regions of the Mexican states of Colima and Jalisco. Sometimes it even grows on cacti. It is found growing from sea level to 1300 meters.

Plant Size: Medium. The pseudobulbs of Encyclia trachycarpa are cone-shaped or egg-shaped and tightly clustered.

Flower Size: 1.5 inches (4 cm)

Flower Description: Encyclia trachycarpa produces flowers on an 18 inch tall (45 cm) unbranched or slightly branched flower stem. There are usually 6 to 10 flowers per stem.

Bloom Season: Late Spring to Early Summer

Growing Temperature: Warm to Intermediate

Additional Information: Grow Encyclia trachycarpa mounted on a cork slab or tree fern or in a small slatted basket. Provide bright light for best growth.

Synonyms: Encyclia adenocarpon subsp. trachycarpa, Epidendrum trachycarpum

Encyclia thrombodes - Pflanz's Encyclia

Encyclia thrombodes

Common Name: Pflanz's Encyclia

Native to: Bolivia, Brazil, Columbia, Peru. Encyclia thrombodes has been discovered growing near Villa Montes, Bolivia.

Plant Size: Medium. Leaves grow 8 to 14 inches (25-35 cm) long and 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide.

Flower Size: 1.5 inches (3 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia thrombodes are green washed with brown. Petals and sepals are pointed. The lip is spade shaped, white, and has rose markings. Many flowers are produced on a tall, branched flower stem that blooms amongst the leaves.

Bloom Season: Summer?

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: This species is the most southern member of the genus and grows on trees. Grow mounted and provide typical Cattleya growing conditions.

Synonyms: Epidendrum thrombodes, Encyclia pflanzii

Encyclia tarumana - Taruma Encyclia

Encyclia tarumana

Common Name: Taruma Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia tarumana is found growing along rivers in gallery forests near Campinas in the Brazilian state of Amazonas in northwest Brazil. It grows in low elevation rain forests.

Plant Size: Medium. Mature specimens reach 2 feet (60 cm) in height and form substantial clumps. The pseudobulbs are widely separated (as opposed to tightly clustered) and grow to 4 cm tall and 1.5 cm wide. Each growth produces two leaves that grow to 15 inches (38 cm) long and are narrow.

Flower Size: 1.5 inches (3 cm)

Flower Description: Encyclia tarumana has attractive green petals and sepals that are washed with brown. The margin is lighter than the overall color. The lip is white with rose-lilac veins and a dark mahogany-colored mid-lobe. The flower stem is lightly branched and grows to 10 inches (25 cm) and produces between 10 and 17 flowers.

Bloom Season: Spring (September in Brazil).

Growing Temperature: Warm.

Additional Information: Encyclia tarumana is a little known but highly desirable species that deserves more attention from commercial growers and hobbyists. Easy to grow. Provide warm growing conditions with bright light, humidity and air circulation. Grow mounted on cork or in a slatted wood basket with a course growing media.

Synonyms: Epidendrum tarumanum

Encyclia tampensis - Butterfly Encyclia

Encyclia tampensis

Common Name: Butterfly Encyclia

Native to: Florida, Bahamas, Cuba. Its preferred habitat is moist woods and forests from sea level to 25 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Small to Medium.

Flower Size: 1.5 inches (4 cm)

Flower Description: Sweetly fragrant flowers bloom on a simple or branched flower stem that grows to 30 inches (75 cm) tall. The flowers bloom above the leaves.

Bloom Season: Spring. Well-grown plants in the Florida keys bloom from June to September.

Growing Temperature: Warm to Cool (adaptable)

Additional Information: Encyclia tampensis is widespread, adaptable and easy-to-grow. There are a few different color forms available and the species is common in the trade. Encyclia tampense var amesiana is a pale color form that is found in Cuba. Grow mounted on cork bark or wood plaques and provide typical cattleya growing conditions. Many hobbyists grow this species on palm trees in their yards in south Florida.

Synonyms: Epidendrum porphyrospilum; Encyclia tampensis f. albolabia; Epidendrum tampense

Encyclia subulatifolia - Twisted Leaf Encyclia

Encyclia subulatifolia

Common Name: Twisted Leaf Encyclia

Native to: Mexico. Encyclia subulatifolia grows on oak tree twigs in open, dry forests between 1500 to 2100 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Miniature. Encyclia subulatifolia does not have true pseudobulbs. Rather, it has thickened stems and two or three fleshy, cylindrical leaves.

Flower Size: 0.5 inches (1.5 cm)

Flower Description: A few flowers grow on a lax or drooping flower stem that is either unbranched or branched. Flowers are fragrant.

Bloom Season: Mid-Winter to Summer

Growing Temperature: Cool to Warm (Adaptable)

Additional Information: Grow Encyclia subulatifolia on cork or wood mounts. Provide bright light and let the roots dry some between watering. Attractive and compact.

Synonyms: Epidendrum subulatifolium; Microepidendrum subulatifolium; Microepidendrum subulatifolium

Encyclia suaveolens - Sweet-smelling Encyclia

Encyclia suaveolens
Common Name: Sweet-smelling Encyclia

Native to: Mexico. Encyclia suaveolens grows on the Pacific Ocean side of the country in the Mexican states of Jalisco and Nayarit between 240 to 600 meters (800-2000 ft) in elevation. It's habitat is oak forests.

Plant Size: Small. The pseudobulbs of Encyclia suaveolens are round and have two oblong leaves.

Flower Size: size

Flower Description: The fragrant flowers have a citrus scent. Between three and twelve flowers are produced on a 4 inch long stem in the spring that barely extends above the leaves. The flower stalk may be unbranched or branched. Flowers emerge from a newly formed growth.

Bloom Season: Spring

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm

Additional Information: This species was first described in the 1970's. Grow on wood or mounted on cork bark mounts. Typical Cattleya growing conditions are suitable for this species. Provide bright light.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia stellata - Starry Alanje Encyclia

Encyclia stellata

Common Name: Starry Alanje Encyclia

Native to: Venezuela, Panama, Costa Rica, Columbia. Encyclia stellata has been found growing in dry or seasonally dry forests in Venezuela.

Plant Size: Medium. The pseudobulbs of Encyclia stellata are small and round and have two narrow leaves.

Flower Size: Small

Flower Description: The petals and sepals of Encyclia stellata are greenish-brown and the flowers have a white lip with few (if any) markings. Flowers are star-shaped.

Bloom Season: Late Winter to Early Spring

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm.

Additional Information: This species is one of the few members of the genus Encyclia that are found in both Central America and South America. Encyclia stellata is not currently known to be in cultivation. It is related to Encyclia oncidioides.

Synonyms: Epidendum stellatum, Encyclia hunteriana, Epidendrum alanjense, Encyclia powellii, Encyclia alanjensis

Encyclia steinbachii - Steinbach's Encyclia

Encyclia steinbachii

Common Name: Steinbach's Encyclia

Native to: Bolivia. Encyclia steinbachii is the southernmost member of the genus. It is found growing in forests around 450 meters in elevation near Buenavista, Bolivia.

Plant Size: Medium. The pseudobulbs of Encyclia steinbachii are upright and narrow and grow to 1.8 cm. Each growth produces two or three leaves.

Flower Size: 1.5 inches (3.6 cm)

Flower Description: Encyclia steinbachii reportedly produces large yellowish-green petals and sepals and white lips. The lip has distinctive purple or magenta markings. Flowers are produced on long, arching panicles that have many flowers.

Bloom Season: Summer

Growing Temperature: Intermediate.

Additional Information: Grow Encyclia steinbachii mounted on cork or driftwood mounts or in slatted baskets. The species is very uncommon in cultivation but it has been grown successfully by Fred Fuchs in south Florida.

Synonyms: Encyclia buchtienii

Encyclia spiritusanctensis - Espirito Santo Encyclia

Encyclia spiritusanctensis

Common Name: Espirito Santo Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia spiritusanctensis grows on rocks in exposed environments in Epirito Santo.

Plant Size: Medium. Encyclia spiritusanctensis has two leaves per pseudobulb.

Flower Size: 1.5 to 2 inches (3.5-5 cm)

Flower Description: Fragrant. The petals and sepals of Encyclia spiritusanctensis are rosy pink to pale magenta or purple and are broad. The lip is broad and flares out at the tip and is pink to magenta in color with darker markers. The flower stalk is very tall and can reach well over 2 meters in height with the flowers clustered near the tip.

Bloom Season: Summer (February and March in Brazil)

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm.

Additional Information: Encyclia spiritusanctensis was first discovered in 1990. Although this rupicolous species is not widespread, the charming flowers, color, and fragrance should make this a popular species among collectors. Grow like rupicolous Laelias in a clay pot with Alifor (or another inorganic growing media). Provide bright light but do not let the leaves burn. It also needs lots of air circulation to keep the leaves cool. It is similar to Encyclia advena.

Synonyms: Encyclia megalantha var. spiritusanctensis, Encyclia spritiusanctensis

Encyclia spatella - Spatulate-Petaled Encyclia

Encyclia spatella

Common Name: Spatulate-Petaled Encyclia

Native to: Mexico. Encyclia spatella is found growing in the Mexican states of Morelos, Michoacan, and Jalisco. They grow on oak trees in forests near tropical forests and lava flows between 750 and 1500 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Medium. The cone-shaped pseudobulbs of Encyclia spatella bear 2 strap-shaped leaves.

Flower Size: 1.5 inches (3.75 cm)

Flower Description: The flower stem is branched and has many flowers and grows to 48 inches (120 cm).

Bloom Season: Summer

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm.

Additional Information: Grow mounted on cork on in a slatted basket. Large plants make impressive specimens when in bloom. Encyclia spatella is closely related to Encyclia huerta which is a rupicolous species that shares the same native range.

Synonyms: Epidendrum spatella

Encyclia seidelii - Seidel's Encyclia

Encyclia seidelii

Common Name: Seidel's Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia seidelii was found growing on trees in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais near the Datas region.

Plant Size: Medium.

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: Encyclia seidelii has olive-green petals and sepals that have a red-brown wash. The lip is broad and rosy-magenta in color. There are 8 or 10 flowers that are widely spaced at near the tip of a tall (70 cm) unbranched flower spike.

Bloom Season: Spring (October in Brazil)

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: This distinctive species has beautiful flowers but is not widely grown and deserves more attention from orchid growers. Encyclia seidelii was discovered by Alvim Seidel who's family has owned an orchid nursery for generations. Grow mounted on cork bark or grow in a slatted basket. Provide bright light, good air circulation, and intermediate or warm growing conditions.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia sclerocladia

Encyclia sclerocladia

Common Name: Stiff-stalked Encyclia

Native to: Peru. The first plant was collected growing by the Maranon river in Peru.

Plant Size: Small to Medium.

Flower Size: Small. Less than 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The petals and sepals of Encyclia sclerocladia have a yellowish-green base with a red-brown or maroon markings and veining. The lip is small and whitish with some reddish markings. Several small flowers are produced on a stiff, upright flower stem.

Bloom Season: Spring

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm.

Additional Information: The validity of Encyclia sclerocladia is somewhat in question. It has been confused with Encyclia bradfordii which is native to Venezuela. Dr. Withner, an expert in the field, seems to think that there is enough difference between the species along with separate distribution to warrant species status. Grow mounted on cork bark or tree fern or in a slatted basket. Typical Cattleya conditions are acceptable.

Synonyms: Epidendrum sclerocladium

Encyclia schmidtii - Schmidt's Encyclia

Encyclia schmidtii

Common Name: Schmidt's Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia schmidtii is native to scrubby prairies in the Brazilian state of Mato Brosso.

Plant Size: Medium. The pseudobulbs of Encyclia schmidtii grow to 1.5 inches (3.5 cm) tall and have to leaves that grow to 7 inches (18 cm) long.

Flower Size: About 1 inch (2.5 cm).

Flower Description: Slightly Fragrant. The flowers of Encyclia schmidtii are greenish-brown with a white lip. The lip has some broken reddish striations. Petals and sepals are wavy and twisted. Few to several flowers are produced on an unbranched flower stem that grows to 18 inches (45 cm).

Bloom Season: Spring (September and October in Brazil)

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm.

Additional Information: Encyclia schmidtii was named in honor of Brazilian Antonio Schmidt who found the plant and helped Fowlie, Duveen, and Menezes in researching Brazilian Encyclia species in their native habitats. This species was first discovered in the late 1980's and first described to the scientific community in 1991. It is not widespread in horticulture.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia santos-dumontii - Santos Dumont Orchid

Encyclia santos-dumontii

Common Name: Santos Dumont Orchid

Native to: Brazil. This species has only been discovered in a small area of Brazil on a military base where it grows on trees in seasonally flooded forests.

Plant Size: Medium-Large. Encyclia santos-dumontii has small, club-shaped pseudobulbs that have up to three leaves that grow up to 13 inches (34 cm).

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The petals and sepals of Encyclia santos-dumontii are greenish-brown in color. The lip is white with purple veins. A few flowers are produced on an unbranched stem that does not exceed the height of the leaves.

Bloom Season: Summer?

Growing Temperature: Intermediate.

Additional Information: This species was named after Alberto Santos-Dumont who is the father of Brazilian aviation and was discovered on his birthday by a Brazilian Air Force officer. Encyclia santos-dumontii is not in cultivation to the best of my knowledge.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia rufa - Bahama Encyclia

Encyclia rufa

Common Name: Bahama Encyclia

Native to: Bahamas. Encyclia rufa grows on the base of small trees and shrubs between sea level and 30 meters in elevation. Occasionally, it is found growing on limestone rocks.

Plant Size: Small to Medium.

Flower Size: Small. About 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The attractive, showy flowers bloom on an upright flower stem. Fragrant.

Bloom Season: Spring

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: This attractive species has showy, colorful flowers that are quite fragrant. Encyclia rufa is easy to grow and is widely available from specialist growers. Grow on a cork mount or piece of driftwood. Provide bright light and humidity.

Synonyms: Encyclia bahamamense; Epidendrum bahamaense; Epidendrum primulinum; Epidendrum rufum

Encyclia replicata - Folded-Lip Encyclia

Encyclia replicata

Common Name: Folded-Lip Encyclia

Native to: Columbia and Ecuador.

Plant Size: Large. The upright pseudobulbs of Encyclia replicata grow to 4 inches (10 cm) tall and the leaves are 18 inches (50 cm) long and wide.

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm) or a little larger.

Flower Description: Petals and sepal of Encyclia replicata are light yellow with a chocolate-brown wash. The margins are lighter in color and the lip is white with rosy-pink markings. Many flowers grow on the branched, tall inflorescence that grows to 36 inches (90 cm) in height. Flowers are fragrant and last a long time.

Bloom Season: Late Spring

Growing Temperature: Intermediate.

Additional Information: Encyclia replicata is a large species and needs a large mount or slatted basket for best growth. Provide typical Cattleya growing conditions. The taxonomy and history of this species is somewhat confused.

Synonyms: Epidendrum replicatum, Encyclia maderoi; Encyclia magdalenae; Epidendrum bacigalupianum

Encyclia remotiflora - Remote-Flowered Encyclia

Encyclia remotiflora

Common Name: Remote-Flowered Encyclia

Native to: Venezuela. It grows on trees and was first collected on the banks of the Rio Orinoco in the Amazonas region of Venezuela.

Plant Size: Small. Each small (2 cm) pseudobulb has one upright, narrow leaf that grows to 3.5 inches (8 cm). The flower stem extends above the foliage.

Flower Size: Small. 1 inch (2.5 cm) or a little larger.

Flower Description: The petals and sepals of Encyclia remotiflora are a muted gold color with washes of olive-green. The lip is white with a rose blotch and dark rose veins. Flowers are attractive and star-shaped and widely spaced on the inflorescence.

Bloom Season: Unknown.

Growing Temperature: Warm.

Additional Information: This species is very seldom seen in orchid collections. Grow at warmer temperatures or give it a warm spot in the cattleya greenhouse. Mount on cork or tree fern plaques or grow in slatted baskets with osmunda fiber for the roots.

Synonyms: Epidendrum remotiflorum

Encyclia recurvata - Recurved-Lip Encyclia

Encyclia recurvata

Common Name: Recurved-Lip Encyclia

Native to: Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana.

Plant Size: Small. The pseudobulbs of Encyclia recurvata grow 2 inches (5 cm) tall and have two 12 inch (30 cm) long leaves that are 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide.

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm) or a little bigger.

Flower Description: Fragrant. Sepals have tips that bend backwards on Encyclia recurvata. The petals and sepals are green washed with brown. The lip is white or yellowish white with dark red veins. Several flowers are produced on maturing growths. The flower stem reaches just above the foliage and grows to 8 inches (20 cm) in height.

Bloom Season: Summer.

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm.

Additional Information: Encyclia recurvata is an unusual species and is not widely grown. Grown on cork plaques or in slatted baskets. Provide typical Cattleya orchid growing conditions.

Synonyms: Epidendrum halatum; Epidendrum recurvatum

Encyclia randiana - Rand's Encyclia

Encyclia randiana

Common Name: Rand's Encyclia

Native to: Brazil and Peru. Encyclia randiana is found growing near the banks of the Amazon and its tributaries in northern Brazil and Peru. It is found in hot lowland rainforests at elevations ranging from 10 to 300 meters.

Plant Size: Small to Medium. The small, tightly-clustered pseudobulbs of Encyclia randiana are pear-shaped and have one or two arching, sword-shaped leaves.

Flower Size: 2.5 inches (6 cm). Encyclia randiana has the largest flower of all the Encyclia species.

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia randiana are star-shaped and the petals are olive-green to red-brown in color. The lip is broad and large and is marked with a rose-magenta blotch with darker veins. Petals, sepals, and lips are ruffled. Large flowers are produced on a simple or branched inflorescence that grows to 24 inches (60 cm). Encyclia randiana var. rondoiensis has large pink flowers with a pink blotch on the lip.

Bloom Season: Late Spring to Summer

Growing Temperature: Warm.

Additional Information: This species is frequently sold as Encyclia cordigera var. randii. It is attractive and available from many commercial orchid growers. Provide warm, humid growing conditions and place the plant close to the glass for additional light. Grow on cork slabs or in slatted baskets. Expect to see many hybrids of this species in the future.

Synonyms: Epidendrum randii; Encyclia randii; encyclia randii var. rondoiensis; Epidendrum atropurpureum; Epidendrum atropurpureum var. randii; Encyclia cordigera var. randii

Encyclia quesneliana

Encyclia quesneliana

Common Name: Quesnel's Encyclia

Native to: Brazil.

Plant Size: Medium. The upright, narrow 4 inch (10 cm) tall pseudobulbs of Encyclia quesneliana  produce two or three upright, tongue-shaped leaves that grow to 12 inches (30 cm).

Flower Size: 2 inches (5 cm)

Flower Description: Strikingly bright and colorful. Flower color of Encyclia quesneliana ranges from white to magenta. Some plants have rose color flowers. Only a few flowers are produced per growth.

Bloom Season: Summer?

Growing Temperature: Warm to Intermediate.

Additional Information: Encyclia quesneliana is closely related to Encyclia dichroma. Grow mounted on cork slabs or grow in a slatted basket. Provide warm Cattleya growing conditions and provide a little more light. Plants can be hung higher up in the greenhouse to provide additional light.

Synonyms: Epidendrum roseum; Epidendrum jenischianum; Epidendrum dichromum var. amabile; Epidendrum dichromum var. striatum; Epidendrum conspicum; Epidendrum amabile; Epidendrum ortgesii; Encyclia amabilis; Encyclia ortgesii; Encyclia conspicua; Encyclia jenischiana; Encyclia ghillanyi; Epidendrum amabile

Encyclia pyriformis - Pear-Shaped Encyclia

Encyclia pyriformis

Common Name: Pear-Shaped Encyclia

Native to: Cuba and the Isle of Pines. Encyclia pyriformis grows on trees and even fence posts.

Plant Size: Small. The pseudobulbs of Encyclia pyriformis are pear-shaped and have one or two long, tongue-shaped leaves.

Flower Size: Small.

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia pyriformis grow on a simple or branched flower stem that grows to 18 inches (45 cm) tall and is displayed well above the foliage. The flower stem emerges from a developing growth.

Bloom Season: Summer

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: Grow Encyclia pyriformis on cork slabs or wood. Provide bright light and humidity.

Synonyms: Encyclia duboisiana; Epidendrum duboisianum; Epidendrum pyriforme

Encyclia profusa - Profuse Encyclia

Encyclia profusa

Common Name: Profuse Encyclia

Native to: Columbia. Grows on trees. Its full distribution in the wild is poorly known but it seems to be endemic to Columbia.

Plant Size: Large. The plants of Encyclia profusa produce large pseudobulbs with two or three long, broad leaves.

Flower Size: 1.25 inch (3 cm)

Flower Description: Fragrant. Encyclia profusa has star-shaped flowers with transparent lime green petals and sepals. The lip is white with purple veins. Flowers are well-displayed above the foliage on a long, branching flower spike that grows to 18 inches (45 cm). Although the flowers are delicate in appearance, they last a long time.

Bloom Season: Summer

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: This species was once thought to be native to Central America until it was rediscovered growing wild in Columbia where it is endemic. Like Encyclia oncidioides, this species is a large specimen and needs ample room to grow. Grow in a large slatted basket or on large cork slabs. Provide typical Cattleya growing conditions with humidity and air circulation.

Synonyms: Epidendrum profusum, Epidendrum oncidioides, var. profusum, Encyclia oncidioides var. profusa

Encyclia prismatocarpa - Prismatic Seedpod Encyclia

Encyclia prismatocarpa

Common Name: Prismatic Seedpod Encyclia

Native to: Mexico. Encyclia prismatocarpa grows on large tree branches in mountain cloud forests between 1200 and 2500 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Large. The pseudobulbs are upright, elliptical and have two or three leaves.

Flower Size: 2 inches (5 cm)

Flower Description: Flowers of Encyclia prismatocarpa are bright red or orange in color and very showy. Flowers are long-lasting. Between 6 and 35 flowers are produced on an upright flower stem that grows to 15 inches. The flowers are produced from base of new growths as they mature. Flowers are fragrant.

Bloom Season: Spring to Fall (as new growths mature)

Growing Temperature: Cool to Warm (Adaptable)

Additional Information: Grow in a pot with loose, free draining growing media. Grow under typical Cattleya conditions. Water and fertilize heavily while actively growing.

Synonyms: Epidendrum maculatum; Epidendrum prismatocarpum; Epidendrum uro-Skinneri; Prosthechea prismatocarpa; Pseudencyclia prismatocarpa

Encyclia polybulbon - Many Bulbed Encyclia

Encyclia polybulbon

Common Name: Many Bulbed Encyclia

Native to: Mexico and Central America south to Nicaragua, Jamaica, Cuba. Encyclia polybulbon grows in humid forests between 600 and 3200 meters in elevation. It grows on trees.

Plant Size: Miniature. The compact plants have small, oval pseudobulbs that are widely spaced. Each growth has 1 to 3 elliptical leaves. Foliage is yellow-green in color on healthy plants.

Flower Size: 1.25 inches (3 cm)

Flower Description: Few to several flowers bloom on an upright flower stem. Flowers are fragrant.

Bloom Season: Fall to Spring

Growing Temperature: Cool to Warm (Adaptable)

Additional Information: The pseudobulbs tend to ramble and therefore it is best to mount the plants on cork bark. Provide Cattleya growing conditions

Synonyms: Bulbophyllum occidentale; Dinema polybulbon; Epidendrum polybulbon; Epidendrum polybulbon var. luteo-album

Encyclia pollardiana - Pollard's Encyclia

Encyclia pollardiana

Common Name: Pollard's Encyclia

Native to: Mexico. Encyclia pollardiana is found growing in the Mexican states of Jalisco, Michoacan, and Nayarit where it grows on trees up to 1400 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Large. The pseudobulbs are large and have two or three leaves.

Flower Size: Medium.

Flower Description: Flowers of Encyclia pollardiana bloom on a 24 inch long (60 cm) branched flower stem.

Bloom Season: Spring

Growing Temperature: Warm to Cool

Additional Information: Encyclia pollardiana was named after a Mexican orchid enthusiast who was active in the mid-20th century. Grow mounted or in a pot with a loose, open growing media suitable for Cattleya orchids. Provide typical cattleya conditions.

Synonyms: Epidendrum pollardianum

Photo courtesy of Abundaflora.

Encyclia plicata - Pleated Encyclia

Encyclia plicata

Common Name: Pleated Encyclia

Native to: Bahamas and Cuba. Encyclia plicata grows on trees or rocks in warm humid forest near sea level.

Plant Size: Large. The upright, fleshy pseudobulbs have two or three long, sword-shaped leaves.

Flower Size: 2.5 inches (6.5 cm)

Flower Description: Few to many flowers bloom on a 30 inch (75 cm) tall flower stem.

Bloom Season: Spring to early Summer

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: Encyclia plicata is a robust grower and does best mounted on a substantial tree branch. Provide ample water and fertilizer during periods of active growth and then allow the plant to rest by reducing water for a few months. Provide bright light, warmth, and humidity for best results. There is an alba form of the species.

Synonyms: Epidendrum plicatum

Encyclia pilosa - Hairy Encyclia

Encyclia pilosa

Common Name: Hairy Encyclia

Native to: Columbia, Peru. Encyclia pilosa grows on trees at low elevation (near 100 m).

Plant Size: Small. Mature plants are only 8 or 9 inches (23 cm) tall. Encyclia pilosa has pear-shaped pseudobulbs that have produce 1 narrow, upright leaf.

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: Flowers of Encyclia pilosa grow on an upright, lightly branched inflorescence that does not extend beyond the foliage. Flowers are yellow-brown in color. Eight to ten flowers per inflorescence is typical.

Bloom Season: Summer.

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm.

Additional Information: Encyclia pilosa is rare in cultivation and has not been widely grown. Grow in a small, slatted basket or grow on a cork bark mount. Provide typical cattleya growing conditions.

Synonyms: Epidendrum pilosum

Encyclia picta - Painted Encyclia

Encyclia picta

Common Name: Painted Encyclia

Native to: Brazil, Guyana. Encyclia picta shares the same habitat as Encyclia chloroleuca and grows on trees.

Plant Size: Large. The leaves of Encyclia picta are leathery and have rounded tips.

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The petals and sepal of Encyclia picta are dull yellow-green or yellow-brown. The lip is white with dark red veins and stripes. Flowers are produced on an upright, branched inflorescence that bears many flowers.

Bloom Season: Summer (December and January in its native habitat).

Growing Temperature: Intermediate.

Additional Information: Encyclia picta was first described in 1883. Grow on a cork slab or on tree fern plaques or in slatted baskets. Provide typical Cattleya orchid growing conditions with ample air circulation. Reduce water during cool, cloudy weather to avoid root rot. Encyclia picta is a large species that has a somewhat confusing past but is worth seeking and growing if you like big plants.

Synonyms: Epidendrum pictum

Encyclia phoenicea - Chocolate Orchid

Encyclia phoenicea

Common Name: Chocolate Orchid

Native to: Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Island, Grand Turks and Caicos. Encyclia phoenicea grows on trees near sea level.

Plant Size: Medium. The plant is robust and has one to three long linear leaves.

Flower Size: 2 inches (5 cm)

Flower Description: Flowers of Encyclia phoenicea  have olive brown petals and sepals and a purple lip. Fragrant; the flowers smell like chocolate. Up to 25 flowers are well displayed on a 36 inch (90 cm) branched inflorescence. The flower stem emerges from a mature pseudobulb.

Bloom Season: Spring to Fall

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: Encyclia phoenicea grows well mounted on tree branches, cork bark, or grown in a pot or basket. Keep on the dry side after growth matures. Provide standard Cattleya growing conditions with more humidity and heat for best flowering. The flowers do not all open at once but rather open over an extended period of time providing for a long bloom period.

Synonyms: Epidendrum grahamii; Epidendrum phoeniceum

Encyclia pflanzii

Encyclia pflanzii

Common Name: None

Native to: Bolivia. Encyclia pflanzii grows on trees between 850 and 1200 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Medium

Flower Size: Small

Flower Description: Unknown?

Bloom Season: Summer?

Growing Temperature: Cool

Additional Information: Like other members of the genus, grow mounted on cork bark or in a slatted basket for best results. This species is uncommon in cultivation.

Synonyms: Encyclia thrombodes; Epidendrum thrombodes

Encyclia pedra-azulensis

Encyclia pedra-azulensis

Common Name: Pedra Azul Encyclia

Native to: Brazil

Plant Size: Large. The egg-shaped pseudobulbs grow to 4 inches (10 cm) tall and the foliage reaches 18 inches (50 cm) tall. Each pseudobulb produces between 1 and 3 leaves that are 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide.

Flower Size: 2 inches (5 cm)

Flower Description: Well-grown plants produce very tall (over 1 meter) branched flower stems that bear over 40 flowers. The petals and sepals are green washed with brown. The lip is white to creamy white and has purple veins. The plant and flowers are similar to Encyclia osmantha.

Bloom Season: Summer

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm

Additional Information: Encyclia pedra-azulensis is another large Encyclia species from South America that produces monstrously large plants with impressive flower spikes. Grow mounted on a large cork mount or in a slatted basket. Provide ample water and fertilizer during periods of active growth and let it dry out a little during cooler weather. Provide standard Cattleya conditions. This species was only described to science in the early 1990's and was discovered by an amateur orchid grower in Brazil.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia pauciflora

Encyclia pauciflora

Common Name: Few-Flowered Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia pauciflora grows on trees and is found in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais.

Plant Size: Small. Encyclia pauciflora has small, pear-shaped pseudobulbs that grow about an inch (3 cm) tall. Each pseudobulb produces 2 sword-shaped leaves that reach 4 inches (10 cm).

Flower Size: 2 inches (5 cm) or larger.

Flower Description: Encyclia pauciflora has relatively large flowers that are olive-brown or green in color. The petals and sepal reflex attractively and are well displayed on the stem above the foliage. The lip is white or (rarely) pink with purple veins. A slate blue "coerulea" form has been reported. Each flower stem produces four or five flowers.

Bloom Season: Summer (December in Brazil)

Growing Temperature: Intermediate.

Additional Information: This species has nice flowers and is compact and easy to grow. Unfortunately, it is uncommon in collections. Grow mounted on cork bark or tree fern. One author recommends slatted baskets with osmunda fiber. Water heavily during periods of active growth. Provide Cattleya growing conditions. No hybrids have been made with this species and it seems to have some potential for creating larger-flowered plants.

Synonyms: Epidendrum pauciflorum

Encyclia patens

Encyclia patens

Common Name: Sweet-Scented Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia patens is found growing on trees near Rio de Janeiro.

Plant Size: Medium. The plants of Encyclia patens produce two or three leaves that are dull green with maroon blotches and streaks.

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: Flowers of Encyclia patens are olive green with brownish-red streaks and stripes. The petals are fleshy and substantial and fragrant. The lip is yellowish and has red veins and markings. Flowers are produced on densely branched, erect flower spike that extends beyond the foliage.

Bloom Season: Late Winter to Summer

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Encyclia patens is a fragrant, medium-sized species. Grow on cork slabs or in slatted baskets. It grows well under typical Cattleya orchid conditions and is not too picky in regards to growing conditions.

Synonyms: Epidendrum odoratissimum, Exophya patens, Epidendrum glutinosum, Epidendrum serronianum, Encyclia serroniana, Epidendrum patens, Macradenia lutescens
Encyclia parviflora

Common Name: Small-flowered Encyclia

Native to: Mexico south to Nicaragua. It grows mostly on trees although it is occasionally found growing as a terrestrial orchid. Encyclia parviflora grows in dry forests on the eastern coast between 100 and 800 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Medium

Flower Size: 1.5 inches (4 cm)

Flower Description: Flowers are similar to Encyclia alata. This species has fragrant flower that bloom on a 18 inch (40 cm) flower spike.

Bloom Season: Late Spring to early Summer

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: Grow mounted on cork and provide bright light and warm growing conditions.

Synonyms: Encyclia alata ssps. parviflora; Encyclia belizensis ssps. parviflora; Epidendrum alatum var parviflorum

Photo courtesy of Abundaflora.

Encyclia papillosa

Encyclia papillosa

Common Name: Butterfly Encyclia

Native to: Belize to Nicaragua. Encyclia papillosa grows on trees in warm forests from 30 to 1000 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Medium

Flower Size: Medium

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia papillosa resemble butterflies. Flowers are well-displayed on a long, arching inflorescence.

Bloom Season: Spring

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: This common species is easy to grow on cork bark mounts. Provide Encyclia papillosa typical cattleya growing conditions with additional humidity and warmth.

Synonyms: Epidendrum papillosum
Photo courtesy of Abundaflora.

Encyclia pachyantha

Encyclia pachyantha

Common Name: Fleshy-flowered Encyclia

Native to: French Guiana, Guyana, Venezuela, Brazil

Plant Size: Large. Encyclia pachyantha is one of the largest members of the genus and has 4 inch (10 cm) tall pseudobulbs. Each growth has two 18 inch (50 cm) long leaves.

Flower Size: 2 inches (5 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia pachyantha are olive-green with a wash of rusty-brown towards the tips. The lip is straw colored and has reddish veins. Flowers are borne on a stiff, upright stem that may be branched or unbranched and extends beyond the leaves.

Bloom Season: Summer

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: This species is one of the largest in the Encyclia genus and the plants grow even larger than Encyclia oncidioides. Grow on tree fern or cork slabs and water frequently during dry weather and when actively growing. The flowers are large and attractive and the plants will grow into impressive specimens over time.

Synonyms: Epidendrum pachyanthum, Encyclia alboxanthina, Epidensrum pachyanthum, Encyclia hartwegii

Encyclia osmantha

Encyclia osmantha

Common Name: Capart's Scented Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia osmantha is found growing in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais from Casa de Pedra to St. Jose d'El-Rey.

Plant Size: Medium. The pseudobulbs of Encyclia osmantha produce two leaves.

Flower Size: 2 inches (5 cm)

Flower Description: The petals and sepals of Encyclia osmantha are brown suffused with greenish-yellow. The lip is white and has magenta veins. Fragrant. The flowers are cupped, waxy and long-lasting (up to 2 months).

Bloom Season: Spring?

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: This species is available from orchid growers and at orchid shows and is loved for its flower size and fragrance. There are a few named clones. Grow mounted on cork bark or tree fern mounts. Grow under standard cattleya conditions and provide ample water and fertilizer during periods of active growth. Attractive and satisfying.

Synonyms: Epidendrum osmanthum, Epidendrum capartianum, Epidendrum godseffianum

Encyclia oncidioides

Encyclia oncidioides

Common Name: Oncidium-like Encyclia

Native to: Brazil, Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela. Encyclia oncidioides frequently is found growing as a terrestrial in white sand in northern Brazil. It is thought that its preferred habitats were former lake beds.

Plant Size: Large. The upright pseudobulbs of Encyclia oncidioides are upright and grow to 4 inches (9-10 cm). Each growth produces up to 4 long, broad leaves (37 cm x 3 cm). There is more than the usual amount of space between pseudobulbs.

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The inflorescence grows to 32 inches (90 cm) long and is branched. Individual branches are short and have many flowers. Petals and sepals are spoon-shaped. The creamy white or yellow lip is small and spade shaped and has magenta or red markings. Encyclia oncidioides has a strong, floral scent that is reminiscent of violets or roses.

Bloom Season: May to August (June and July are peak bloom months).

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Encyclia oncidioides is the largest species in the genus and the plants are vigorous growers. Grow in a coarse, open media in a wide, shallow pot (i.e. bulb pan) or mount on cork. Use a large mount because the pseudobulbs like to ramble and are not tightly clustered like many other members of the genus. Provide Cattleya growing conditions with adequate air circulation. Water and fertilize during periods of active growth. Attractive and easy to grow. There are many species that were once lumped together under this name so the plant you buy may vary some from the above description.

Synonyms: Epidendrum ensiforme, Epidendrum oncidioides, Epidendrum longiolium, Epidendrum oncidioides sensu, Encyclia longifolia, Encyclia ensiformis, Encyclia vellozoana

Encyclia oestlundii

Encyclia oestlundii
Common Name: Oestlund's Encyclia

Native to: Mexico. Encyclia oestlundii grows on trees in dry coastal areas near sea level in the Mexican state of Guerrero.

Plant Size: Medium

Flower Size: 1.75 inches (2 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia oestlundii bloom on an upright inflorescence. There are several flowers open at one time. Fragrant.

Bloom Season: Spring to Summer

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: Grow Encyclia oestlundii mounted on cork bark or tree branch mounts for best results. Provide typical Cattleya growing conditions with additional heat. Keep on the dry side when new growth matures.

Synonyms: Epidendrum oestlundii

Encyclia nematocaulon

Encyclia nematocaulon

Common Name: Thread-Stemmed Encyclia

Native to: Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Cuba. It grows on scrub vegetation and trees in tropical deciduous forests below 200 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Small to Medium. The tightly-clustered pseudobulbs have only one leaf.

Flower Size: 1.25 inches (3 cm)

Flower Description: Flowers of Encyclia nematocaulon are produced on the previous season's growth on branched inflorescence. Up to 14 flowers bloom at once and they are displayed well above the leaves.

Bloom Season: Late Spring

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: Provide warm growing conditions and grow mounted on tree fern or cork bark mounts.

Synonyms: Encyclia purpusii; Encyclia xipheres; Epidendrum nematocaulon ; Epidendrum xipheres; Epidendrum yucatanense

Encyclia naranjapatensis

Encyclia naranjapatensis

Common Name: Naranjapata Encyclia

Native to: Ecuador. Encyclia naranjapatensis is endemic to a limited area of the southern Ecuadorian highlands in the provinces of Bolivar and Canar. Its habitat is in the rain shadow of the mountains and can be found growing between 700 and 1300 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Large. The onion-shaped pseudobulbs grow to 3 inches (7 cm) tall and have two or three long, upright leaves that grow to 24 inches (60 cm).

Flower Size: 1.25 inches (3 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia naranjapatensis are large and full. Green suffused with brown in the dominant petal color. The margin is lighter in color. The white lip has a few red stripes and is somewhat broader than the petals. The branched flower spike grow to 24 inches (60 cm) tall.

Bloom Season: Late Winter to Summer

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: Encyclia naranjapatensis was named after a town close to the collection location that had a large orange tree. Grow mounted on cork slabs or grow in a slatted basket. Grow under standard Cattleya orchid conditions. Let it dry out during the winter and in between waterings and watch for fungal problems.

Synonyms: Encyclia strobelii

Encyclia mooreana

Encyclia mooreana

Common Name: Moore's Encyclia

Native to: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Panama. Encyclia mooreana grows on larger tree branches in mountainous cloud forests between 270 and 2100 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Medium. The pear-shaped pseudobulbs have two or three fleshy leaves that grow to 20 inches (50 cm).

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: Fragrant. The flowers of Encyclia mooreana smell like honey. The flowers are attractive and are light in color with distinctive markings. The flower stem is heavily branched and grows from 20 inches to 6 feet (50-200 cm). Flower stems develop from freshly matured pseudobulbs.

Bloom Season: Late Spring to Early Summer.

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: It is clear to see from the appearance of the flowers that Encyclia mooreana is closely related to Encyclia oncidioides.

Synonyms: Encyclia brenesii; Encyclia oncidioides var. mooreana; Encyclia tonduziana; Epidendrum mooreanum; Epidendrum oncidioides var. mooreanum; Epidendrum tonduzianum

Encyclia microxanthina

Encyclia microxanthina

Common Name: Small Yellow Encyclia Orchid

Native to: Brazil and Paraguay. Encyclia microxanthina was described from plants that were sent from Brazil. Little is known about their native habitat but it is thought that they grow on rocks like rupicolous Laelias.

Plant Size: Miniature. The pear-shaped pseudobulbs grow to 4 cm tall and have one or two succulent, fleshy leaves which grow to 7 inches (18 cm) high.

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia microxanthina are yellowish-olive in color and the lip is cadmium yellow with orange veins. The petals and sepals are narrow the flower has a "star-shaped" appearance. Flowers are borne on a simple, unbranched inflorescence and there are between 3 and 5 flowers per stem.

Bloom Season: Summer?

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: This species was first described from plants that were confiscated from an illegal shipment into the United States. The plants bloomed at the Los Angeles State and County Arboretum and it was discovered that it was a new species. I doubt that this species is available in the trade but it probably could be grown in an inorganic growing medium (i.e. Aliflor) in clay pots like rupicolous Laelias.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia microtos

Encyclia microtos

Common Name: Pointed Tip Encyclia Orchid

Native to: Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil. Encyclia microtos grows in wet tropical mountain forests at nearly 600 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Medium. Encyclia microtos has 3 inch (8 cm) tall, cylindrical pseudobulbs with two upright, narrow leaves that grow to 16 inches (40 cm) in height. The flowering stem is upright to arching and grows to 6 to 40 inches (40-100 cm) in height. A branched flower stem produces between three and five individual flowers per branched.

Flower Size: 1.25 inch (3 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia microtos are produced on a long, arching, branched inflorescence. The lip is rather frilly and has many red veins. Petals and sepals are greenish with brown areas and lighter petal margins. The petals end in a sharp, distinctively pointed tip.

Bloom Season: Winter, Spring

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm

Additional Information: Encyclia microtos has beautiful flowers that are well-displayed on an attractively arched flower spike. Individual plants can grow to become impressive specimens. Grow under typical Cattleya conditions. The flowers are best displayed on plants that are mounted on cork or tree fern.

Synonyms: Epidendrum microtos

Encyclia microbulbon

Encyclia microbulbon

Common Name: Small-bulbed Encyclia

Native to: Mexico. Encyclia microbulbon is native to the plateaus of the Mexican state of Chiapas where it grows between 1400 and 2400 meters in elevation on trees.

Plant Size: Miniature. The pseudobulbs are quite small and have a few leaves.

Flower Size: 0.66 inches (1.6 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers are produced on a branched inflorescence that grows to 18 inches (45 cm) in height. Few to many flowers.

Bloom Season: Late Winter to Summer

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Encyclia microbulbon is a small or miniature Mexican species. Mount it on a piece of cork bark or tree fern. Provide standard Cattleya growing conditions with slightly warmer temperatures.

Synonyms: Encyclia ovula; Encyclia sisyrinchiifolia; Epidendrum microbulbon; Epidendrum ovulum; Epidendrum sisyrinchiifolium

Encyclia meneziana

Encyclia meneziana

Common Name: Menezes's Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. It was first discovered growing on trees in the southern part of the Brazilian state of Goias where it was collected at 600 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Large. Mature plants in bloom can reach 1.5 meters in height. Pseudobulbs of Encyclia meneziana are large and have a pair of short leaves.

Flower Size: 2 inches (5 cm)

Flower Description: Encyclia meneziana has spade-shaped petals that are green washed with brown. The lip is white with magenta veins and spotting. There is no mention of fragrance in any of the literature.

Bloom Season: Summer.

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm

Additional Information: Encyclia meneziana was first discovered in the early 1990's. Currently, it is not in cultivation but would probably thrive under warm Cattleya growing conditions.

Synonyms: None.
Encyclia meliosma

Common Name: Honey-scented Encyclia

Native to: Mexico. Encyclia meliosma is found growing in the Mexican states of Jalisco, Michoacan, Guerrero, Morelos, and Oaxaca where it grows from 300 to 1500 meters in elevation. This species grows on trees in seasonally dry forests and foothills.

Plant Size: Medium. Encyclia meliosma has conical pseudobulbs and one or two fleshy, tongue-shaped leaves.

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: Fragrant; the flowers smell like honey (although the fragrance is faint). Many flowers are produced on a tall (to 100 cm), branched inflorescence

Bloom Season: Spring to Early Summer

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: Encyclia meliosma is closely related to Encyclia spatella and Encyclia aenicta.

Synonyms: Encyclia meliosma

Encyclia megalantha

Encyclia megalantha

Common Name: Giant-Flowered Encyclia Orchid

Native to: Brazil. In their native habitat they are found growing on trees. The distribution of Encyclia megalantha is poorly understood.

Plant Size: Large. Pseudobulbs are upright and oval and grow to 4 inches (10 cm) in height. The leaves are long and recurved and grow to 18 inches (50 cm).

Flower Size: 2 inches (5 cm)

Flower Description: The petals and sepals are spoon-shaped and brown in color with a yellow margin. The pure white lip has reddish veins and is broad and notched at the tip.

Bloom Season: Early Summer

Growing Temperature: Intermediate.

Additional Information: Encyclia megalantha is not well-known or widely grown. The plant is large and can be grown mounted on cork, in slatted baskets, or in pots with a coarse, open growing medium. Provide typical cattleya growing conditions and reduce water during cool months.

Synonyms: Epidendrum megalanthum, Encyclia hollandiae, Encyclia megalantha var. espiritusanctensis