Encyclia granitica

Common Name: Granite-inhabiting Encyclia

Native to: Brazil, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela. Encyclia granitica grows on rocky granite outcroppings in exposed environments.

Plant Size: Large. Encyclia granitica has widely spaced thin, narrow, upright pseudobulbs. There are two 1 foot (30 cm), broad leaves per growth.

Flower Size: Medium-Large. Well-grown plants can have flowers in excess of 1 inch (3 cm) in spread.

Flower Description: Encyclia granitica is well-known for its remarkably beautiful flowers. The petals and sepals are green and have olive-brown tessellation and spotting. The lip is white and has a purple blotch in the middle. The flower spike is almost 6 feet (1.8 meters) tall and bears up to 28 flowers. Flowers are fragrant.

Bloom Season: Summer

Growing Temperature: Warm to Cool

Additional Information: Encyclia granitica is a large species produces beautifully spotted flowers on tall flower spikes. Well-grown plants can become impressive specimens with multiple flower spikes blooming at once. Grow mounted on cork or tree fern. Being a rupicolous species, it may be able to be grown in pots with inorganic media like the rupicolous Laelia species. Provide standard Cattleya conditions with bright light.

Synonyms: Epidendrum affine, Epidendrum cnemidophorum, Encyclia affinis, Epidendrum fucatum, Epidendrum oncidioides, Epidendrum selligerum, Encyclia lunantha

Encyclia gracilis - Graceful Encyclia

Encyclia gracilis

Common Name: Graceful Encyclia

Native to: Turks and Caicos and the Bahamas. Encyclia gracilis grows on rocks or as a terrestrial plant near sea level close to the coast.

Plant Size: Medium. Encyclia gracilis has three or four leaves.

Flower Size: 3 inches (7.5 cm)

Flower Description: The sweetly fragrant flowers of Encyclia gracilis are large and showy. The branched flower stem produces many flowers and grows up to 36 inches (100 cm) or more in height.

Bloom Season: Spring

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: This is another unique member of the genus from the Caribbean region. Encyclia gracilis is a graceful plant with attractive fragrant flowers and is sought after by some collectors. Provide warm growing conditions with bright light and adequate air circulation. Grow in well-drained pots and use a well drained organic or inorganic growing media (i.e. Aliflor). Do not over-water.

Synonyms: Epidendrum gracile; Epidendrum helleri; Doxosma gracilis

Encyclia goyazensis

Encyclia goyazensis

Common Name: Goias Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia goyazensis is native to gallery forests in the Brazilian region of Marzagao and Caldas Novas where they are found growing at 600 meters in elevation. They grow on trees.

Plant Size: Large. The pseudobulbs of Encyclia goyazensis are large and grow almost 4 inches (9 cm) tall. Each growth has two or three 2 foot (60 cm) long broad green leaves.

Flower Size: Medium.

Flower Description: The petals and sepals of Encyclia goyazensis are greenish brown and blunt at the tips. The lip is white suffused with rose or magenta with long, pointed olive green mid-lobes. The flower panicle produces between 20 and 25 flowers and stands over 3 feet (1 m) tall. The flowers have a slight fragrance.

Bloom Season: Spring (October and November in Brazil)

Growing Temperature: Intermediate, Warm

Additional Information: This species is another recent botanical discovery. Little is known about the species and it is doubtful if it is available in the orchid trade. The plants are large and interesting and worthy of cultivation.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia gonzalezii

Encyclia gonzalezii

Common Name: Gonzalez's Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia gonzalezii is native to gallery forests in central Brazil. The first specimen was found growing outside of Brasilia City in the state of Goias. It grows on trees at approximately 1000 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Small. The pseudobulbs of Encyclia gonzalezii are upright, cylindrical, and small. There is one or two 8 inch (20 cm) leaves per growth. Leaves are narrow.

Flower Size: Small.

Flower Description: Encyclia gonzalezii has small flowers that are roughly star-shaped with blunt tips on the tan-green petals and sepals. The lip is whitish with purple veins. The flower spike is unbranched and grows about 1 foot (35 cm) tall and bears up to 7 flowers. Flowers are slightly fragrant.

Bloom Season: Fall, Winter

Growing Temperature: Intermediate.

Additional Information: This species was first described in 1991 in Orchid Digest. It is not common in cultivation but is attractive and would make a satisfactory specimen for an orchid collection. Like many other species, grow Encyclia gonzalezii mounted on cork bark or any other suitable mount and provide typical cattleya growing conditions.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia garzonensis

Encyclia garzonensis

Common Name: Garzon Encyclia

Native to: Columbia. Encyclia garzonensis grows on trees. It was discovered by the side of a road west of Cali on the western slopes of Cordillera Oriente.

Plant Size: Small. Encyclia garzonensis has oval pseudobulbs with a few green leaves.

Flower Size: Medium.

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia garzonensis are light greenish-tan in color. The lip is white and has purple veins. Flowers are produced on a branched inflorescence. Flowers are widely spaced, not clustered at the tip.

Bloom Season: Spring. (August in Brazil)

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: This species was first described to science in the late 1990's and is not widely grown or known. Grow mounted on cork bark or other suitable substrate. Provide typical Cattleya growing conditions with adequate light, water, and air circulation.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia gallopavina

Encyclia gallopavina

Common Name: Peacock Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. The first specimen was found growing on mimosa (Jacaranda mimosifolia) trees near Rio de Janeiro.

Plant Size: Small. Encyclia gallopavina has small, spherical pseudobulbs and a couple of upright or arching leaves that are 6 inches (15 cm) long.

Flower Size: Small.

Flower Description: The small flowers of this species are beautiful. Petals and sepals are green suffused with maroon or brown. The lip is flattened and white with a magenta central splotch. The flower spike is simple of slightly branched and grows to 2 feet (60 cm) in height and bears up to 15 flowers. Encyclia gallopavina has fragrant flowers that smell like tea.

Bloom Season: Spring. (August in Brazil)

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: This miniature species has beautiful flowers that stand well above the foliage and provide a fascinating floral display. Unfortunately, Encyclia gallopavina is not widely available. Grow mounted on cork and provide standard cattleya conditions.

Synonyms: Epidendrum gallopavinum, Epidendrum purpurachylum, Encyclia purpurachyla

Encyclia fucata

Encyclia fucata

Common Name: Brown Veined Encyclia

Native to: Cuba, Bahamas, Hispanola.

Plant Size: Medium to Large

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia fucata are fragrant and smell of vanilla. The flower stem grows to 28 inches (70 cm) and bears up to 50 fragrant flowers.

Bloom Season: Summer to Early Fall

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: This sough-after species is popular with collectors due to its delicious vanilla fragrance. Grow mounted on cork or tree fern. Provide bright light and warmth.

Synonyms: Encyclia hircina; Epidendrum affine; Epidendrum fucatum; Epidendrum hircinum; Epidendrum obcordatum; Epidendrum polyanthum; Epidendrum sagraeanum

Encyclia fowliei

Encyclia fowliei

Common Name: Fowlie's Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia fowliei is found growing in the Brazilian state of Bahia where it grows near the top of trees. This species prefers coastal forests near the Atlantic coast.

Plant Size: Medium. The pseudobulbs of Encyclia fowliei are globose and grow to a little over an inch (3 cm) in diameter. One or two leaves are arched growing to 12 inches (30 cm). The entire plant is dark green with reddish undertones in the foliage, pseudobulbs, and leaves.

Flower Size: Large. The flowers have a 2 inch (5 cm) natural spread and are quite large for the genus.

Flower Description: Encyclia fowliei has unique yellowish-green petals and sepals that have pronounced red-brown veins and tessellation. Petals and sepals are spoon or paddle-shaped. The lip is small and flattened and white flushed with orchid and magenta. The 12 inch (30 cm) flower stem is dark and unbranched and bears.

Bloom Season: Spring. October and November in Brazil.

Growing Temperature: Intermediate. (Adaptable)
Additional Information: No other Encyclia species has flowers like this species.

Synonyms: Encyclia bahiensis, Epidendrum fowliei

Encyclia flava

Encyclia flava

Common Name: Yellow-lipped Encyclia

Native to: Brazil and Venezuela. The original plant was collected near Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Plant Size: Medium. The leaves of Encyclia flava are long and narrow and grow to 12 inches (30 cm).

Flower Size: 1.5 inches (3.5 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia flava are yellowish and have pointed petals and sepals. There are raised veins running the length of the petals. The lip is lighter in color.

Bloom Season: Summer?

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: This species reasonably attractive flowers and is a good candidate for orchid collections. Grow mounted on cork in in well-drained hanging baskets. Typical Cattleya conditions are acceptable.

Synonyms: Epidendrum flavum, Epidendrum tripartitum, Epidendrum mapuerae, Encyclia tripartita

Encyclia flabellifera

Encyclia flabellifera

Common Name: Fan Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia flabellifera is found growing on trees in the Sao Paulo region.

Plant Size: Small to Medium.

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The flower is very similar to Encyclia ionosma. Flower stems are lax or drooping.

Bloom Season: Spring?

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: This plant is very similar to Encyclia ionosma. Grow mounted on cork or tree fern plaques. Provide bright light and warmth.

Synonyms: None. Some experts consider this to be a synonym for Encyclia ionosma.

Encyclia expansa

Encyclia expansa

Common Name: Expanded Encyclia

Native to: Columbia. It grows on trees in the wild.

Plant Size: Medium.

Flower Size: Medium.

Flower Description: The obovate petals and sepals of Encyclia expansa are green and the lip is white with purple veins.

Bloom Season: Summer?

Growing Temperature: Intermediate.

Additional Information: Encyclia expansa is a little-known species.

Synonyms: Epidendrum expansum

Encyclia ellegantula

Encyclia ellegantula

Common Name: Elegant Encyclia

Native to: place

Plant Size: size

Flower Size: size

Flower Description: description

Bloom Season: season

Growing Temperature: temp

Additional Information: Not much information is available for this species at the moment. It will be updated when I find more information.

Synonyms: Get names

Encyclia duveenii

Encyclia duveenii

Common Names: Duveen's Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia duveenii was first discovered in the 1970's around Grao Mogol in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais.

Plant Size: Medium. Encyclia duveenii has narrow, upright conical pseudobulbs that are 2 inches (5-6 cm) tall. The leaves grow 6 inches (15 cm) long and are rounded at the tip.

Flower Size: 1 or 2 inches (2.5-5 cm)

Flower Description: Encyclia duveenii has dark glossy brown flowers with reflexed petal and sepal and a striking magenta lip. The flower stem is tall (to 65 cm) and branched. It bears up to 20 flowers per branched scape. Each branch can have 5 flowers.

Bloom Season: Summer?

Growing Temperature: Warm, Intermediate

Additional Information: This species grows well under typical Cattleya orchid conditions. Grow Encyclia duveenii mounted on cork or tree fern or grow in slatted baskets. Provide ample water during periods of active growth and reduce water once the growth has hardened. One source reports success growing the plant in a hanging basket near the glass with osmunda as the

Encyclia edithiana

Encyclia edithiana

Common Name: Edith's Encyclia
 
Native to: Brazil. Encyclia edithiana was discovered growing on trees in the Brazilian state of Amazonas.

Plant Size: Medium. Encyclia edithiana has pseudobulbs that grow to 3 inches (7 cm) tall and are half as wide. The leaves are 9 inches (23 cm) long and 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide. Each growth has two leaves.

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia edithiana are produced in great number on a 28 inch (70 cm) branched inflorescence. Individual flowers have yellowish-green spoon-shaped petals and sepals. The lip is white and heavily marked with rose veins. Fragrant.

Bloom Season: Summer. Encyclia edithiana blooms in September and October in Brazil (which is the spring season)

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm.

Additional Information: Encyclia edithiana was described to the scientific community in 1996 and is not yet widespread in orchid collections. It is truly a beautiful plant and deserves to be grown more widely. Grow mounted on cork for provide standard Cattleya growing conditions.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia dressleriana

Encyclia dressleriana

Common Name: Dressler's Encyclia

Native to: Mexico. Encyclia dressleriana is native to the Mexican state of Jalisco where it is found growing in palm-oak woodlands around 450 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Medium

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: description

Bloom Season: Spring

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: This species was recently discovered and to my knowledge has not been formally described in any scientific journal. Grow mounted on cork or tree fern or grow in a well-drained slatted basket. Provide warm Cattleya orchid growing conditions.

Synonyms: None

Encyclia diurna

Encyclia diurna



Common Names: Daytime Encyclia, Tall Encyclia

Native to: Colombia, Suriname, Venezuela. Encyclia diurna was first found growing on trees in hills north of Caracas, Venezuela.

Plant Size: Large. Encyclia diurna is one of the largest species in the genus. The narrow, upright pseudobulbs grow to 5 inches (10 cm) tall and have two or three leaves that reach 18 inches (50 cm). This species is handsome and looks robust.

Flower Size: 1 or 2 inches (2.5-5 cm)

Flower Description: Fragrant. The petals and sepals of Encyclia diurna are pale lime green and sometimes are tinged with maroon. The lip is white with maroon lines in the middle lobe. The flower panicle can grow to 6 feet (2 m) and have several 18 inch (50 cm) branches. Well-grown plants can produce impressively branched panicles that bear numerous flowers.

Bloom Season: Late Spring to Summer. It blooms during May and June in Venezuela.

Growing Temperature: Warm, Intermediate

Additional Information: This species is quite impressive when it is in flower because of the number of flowers produced. It is a vigorous grower and does well under cattleya growing conditions.

Synonyms: Limodorum diurnum, Cymbidium diurnum, Epidendrum diurnum, Cymbidium glandulosum, Epidendrum wagneri, Epidendrum diurnum, Encyclia wagerneri, Encyclia glandulosa, Encyclia virens, Encyclia remotiflora; Epidendrum glandulosum, Epidendrum ochranthum, Epidendrum ochricolor, Epidendrum remotiflorum

Encyclia diota

Encyclia diota

Common Name: Two-eared Encyclia

Native to: Mexico south to Nicaragua. Encyclia diota is adaptable and is found growing in many habitats including deciduous tropical forests and pine-oak woodland. It grows on trees, rocks, or as a terrestrial between 200 and 1800 meters.

Plant Size: Medium. The pseudobulbs of Encyclia diota are conical and somewhat wrinkled and bear one or two tongue-shaped leaves.

Flower Size: 0.75 inches (2 cm)

Flower Description: The flower stem develops on a mature pseudobulb and grows from 12 to 40 inches (30-100 cm) in height. Between 10 and 80 flowers grow on the branched flower stem and are well-displayed above the foliage. Fragrant.

Bloom Season: Spring

Growing Temperature: Warm to Intermediate

Additional Information: Encyclia diota is a very showy plant and is sought after by many collectors. Grow mounted on cork bark or tree fern or grow in a pot with a free-draining Cattleya orchid growing mix. Provide Cattleya growing conditions and good air circulation. This species is widespread and fairly adaptable in cultivation.

Synonyms: Encyclia diota subsp. diota; Encyclia insidiosa; Epidendrum diotum; Epidendrum insidiosum

Encyclia dickinsoniana

Encyclia dickinsoniana

Common Name: Dickinson's Encyclia

Native to: Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua. Encyclia dickinsoniana grows on trees and prefers low-elevation mountain forests.

Plant Size: Medium. The egg-shaped pseudobulbs produce two or three long, linear leaves.

Flower Size: 1 inch (3 cm)

Flower Description: Flowers bloom in spring on a 24 inch (60 cm) long inflorescence that is branched. Flower stems develop from mature pseudobulbs. Encyclia dickinsoniana has glistening flowers which is highly unusual in the genus Encyclia.

Bloom Season: Spring to Summer

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: Encyclia dickinsoniana was named in honor of Mr. Dickinson who was an American orchid collector who was active in Mexico during the middle part of the 20th century. Grow mounted on cork or tree fern plaques or grow in a pot with good drainage. Provide warm Cattleya orchid growing conditions.

Synonyms: Epidendrum dickinsonianum

Encyclia dichroma

Encyclia dichroma

Native to: Brazil, Suriname. Encyclia dichroma grows on rocky outcroppings and low, scrubby brush in mountainous areas of Brazil.

Plant Size: Medium. The upright, narrow 4 inch (10 cm) tall pseudobulbs produce two or three upright, tongue-shaped leaves that grow to 12 inches (30 cm).

Flower Size: Up to 2 inches (5 cm). Many plants produce smaller flowers.

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia dichroma are quite striking and unique in their color. The flower color can be white, pink, or rosy red. The lip is darker in color than the petals and often has a white margin. Some plants produce branched inflorescence while others bear only two flowers on an unbranched flower stalk.

Bloom Season: Summer in cultivation (Spring in Brazil)

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Encyclia dichroma needs bright light, brighter than typical Cattleya conditions.

Synonyms: Epidendrum dichromum, Epidendrum brasiliense, Encyclia dichroma subsp. biflora, Epidendrum biflorum

Encyclia davidhuntii

Encyclia davidhuntii

Common Name: David Hunt's Encyclia

Native to: Mexico.

Plant Size: Unknown

Flower Size: Unknown

Flower Description: Unknown

Bloom Season: Spring?

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: Encyclia davidhuntii is named in honor of Mr. David Hunt who is an orchid importer and photographer. This species has very recently been described to science and I do not have much information to report at this time. This species will be updated when there is more information to post.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia cyperifolia

Encyclia cyperifolia

Common Name: Sword-leafed Encyclia

Native to: Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador

Plant Size: Medium.

Flower Size: 2.5 inches (6 cm)

Flower Description: Encyclia cyperifolia has beautiful, distinctive flowers that are a pleasing rosy-lilac with streaks of yellow. The lip is rose and yellow. The inflorescence is branched and grows to the same height as the foliage.

Bloom Season: Summer to Fall

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm

Additional Information: Encyclia cyperifolia has unique, colorful flowers and is a very attractive addition to an orchid collection. Grow mounted on bark or tree fern plaques. Provide bright light, humidity and warmth. Provide lots of water and water-soluble fertilizer during periods of active growth and reduce watering during cooler weather.

Synonyms: Bletia ensiformis, Epidendrum microtos var. grandiflorum, Encyclia microtos var. grandiflora, Epidendrum cyperifolium, Encyclia ensiformis, Epidendrum ensiforme

Encyclia cordigera

Encyclia cordigera

Common Name: Large-lipped Encyclia

Native to: Columbia and Venezuela north throughout Central America. Encyclia cordigera grows in dense scrub and tropical rain forests and is adaptable to many habitats. It usually is found between sea level and 900 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Medium. Encyclia cordigera has round, tightly clustered pseudobulbs that produce 3 long, narrow leaves.

Flower Size: 3 inches (7.5 cm)

Flower Description: Encyclia cordigera produces few to several flowers on a 24 inch (60 cm) inflorescence. The petals and sepals are olive-green or brown and the lip is broad and brightly colored. Lips range in color from magenta to purple to violet. There is an 'alba' form available with a green lip and a 'semi-alba' which is white with a colored lip. The flower spike often starts growing from mature pseudobulbs as soon as new growth begins.

Bloom Season: Winter to Spring

Growing Temperature: Warm, Intermediate

Additional Information: Like many other members of the Encyclia genus, grow mounted on cork or tree fern mounts or in well-drained slatted baskets. Easy to grow and widely available and sometimes used to create colorful and shapely hybrids. Keep on the dry side in the winter in order to prevent rot. Water and fertilize generously during periods of active growth. There are many cultivars and different color forms available from commercial orchid growers.

Synonyms: Cymbidium cordigerum; Encyclia atropurpurea var. leucantha; Encyclia atropurpurea var. rhodoglossa; Encyclia atropurpurea var.rosea; Encyclia cordigera var. rosea; Encyclia doeringii; Encyclia duboisiana; Encyclia macrochila; Epidendrum atropurpureum var. laciniatum; Epidendrum atropurpureum var. lionetianum; Epidendrum atropurpureum var. longilabre; Epidendrum atropurpureum var. roseum; Epidendrum cordigerum; Epidendrum doeringii; Epidendrum duboisianum; Epidendrum longipetalum; Epidendrum

Encyclia confusa

Encyclia confusa

Common Name: Confusing Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. It has been found growing in the Brazilian state of Espirito Santo

Plant Size: Small to Medium. Encyclia confusa has small, pear-shaped pseudobulbs that grow to 2 inches (6 cm) tall. Each growth produces two 12 inch (30 cm) leaves. The flower stalk grows to 18 inches (50 cm) tall and extends above the foliage.

Flower Size: Small. Flowers are about an inch wide.

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia confusa are tawny yellow with a wash of brown. The lip is white and the petals and sepals are narrow and pointed and have brown veins.

Bloom Season: Spring?

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Encyclia confusa was described to science in 1991. It was named the "Confusing Encyclia" because the botanist received two misnamed specimens at the same time and had to untangle the taxonomic mess. I assume that standard Cattleya conditions would be acceptable for this species.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia conchaechila

Encyclia conchaechila

Common Name: Shell-lipped Encyclia
Native to: Brazil, Guyana, Peru, Paraguay, Venezuela. Encyclia conchaechila is wide-spread in South America and grows on trees.

Plant Size: Small to Medium. Encyclia conchaechila has small, pear-shaped pseudobulbs with two narrow, erect leaves.

Flower Size: Small. Flowers are about an inch wide.

Flower Description: The flowers are recognized by a distinctive shell-shaped lip. Petals and sepals are narrow and pointed. Encyclia conchaechila blooms on a branched flower stalk. The flowers do not extend beyond the foliage.

Bloom Season: Spring?

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Encyclia conchaechila is widespread in its native habitat. Grow mounted on cork and provide Cattleya light, humidity and air circulation.

Synonyms: Epidendrum conchaechilium, Epidendrum linearfoloides, Encyclia bicornuta, Encyclia amicta subsp. conchaechilia, Epidendrum bicornutum

Encyclia chloroleuca

Encyclia chloroleuca

Common Name: Green and White Encyclia

Native to: Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela. Encyclia chloroleuca is wide-spread in South America and grows on trees.

Plant Size: Small

Flower Size: 1.25 inches (3.1 cm)

Flower Description: Fragrant. The flowers of Encyclia chloroleuca are bright green and like just like the common name suggests. The petals and sepals are obovate with a pointed apex. The lip is white with a purple central vein. Flowers do not have any fragrance. The flower stalk stands above the foliage (12 inches or 30 cm) and bears between 3 and 8 flowers.

Bloom Season: Late Summer to Fall

Growing Temperature: Warm

Additional Information: Encyclia chloroleuca is widespread and adaptable. Grow mounted or in well-drained pots and provide standard Cattleya growing conditions. Bright light and average humidity is acceptable. Some individuals may have fragrant flowers, but the majority are lacking in fragrance.

Synonyms: Epidendrum chloroleucum, Epidendrum chloranthum, Epidendrum chloroleucum var. fuscoluteum, Encyclia thienii, Epidendrum viridiflava

Encyclia chiapasensis

Encyclia chiapasensis

Common Name: Chiapas Encyclia Orchid

Native to: Mexico. Encyclia chiapasensis seems to be endemic to the Mexican state of Chiapas where it grows on trees around 950 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Small to Medium

Flower Size: Small

Flower Description: This species is unique because the branched flower stem has the ability to re-bloom for many years.

Bloom Season: Spring-Summer?

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm

Additional Information: This species was discovered in the 1990s in Chiapas, Mexico. It is clearly distinct from any other Encyclia species. Grow mounted on cork and grow under standard Cattleya conditions.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia chapadensis

Encyclia chapadensis

Common Name: Chapada dos Viadeiros Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia chapadensis is near extinction due to habitat destruction. It has been found near Alto Paraiso in the Brazilian state of Goias where it grows on rocks as a lithophyte.

Plant Size: Small. The pseudobulbs of Encyclia chapadensis are 3 inches (7 cm) tall and 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide. Each growth produces two or three thick leaves that grow 4 inches (10 cm) long and 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide. The unbranched flower stalks can reach to 3 feet (1 m) in height and stand well above the foliage.

Flower Size: Large for the genus.

Flower Description: Encyclia chapadensis has fragrant flowers. The petals and sepals are an attractive shade of reddish-brown and the lip is rose-colored with purple veins. The flower stem is tall and produces between 7 and 15 flowers.

Bloom Season: Late Winter to Early Spring

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Encyclia chapadensis grows well mounted. It is very rare and its natural habitat has been greatly reduced due to road construction. Provide bright light and good air circulation to prevent the foliage from burning. The relatively large flower size, attractive flowers, and fragrance make this a good candidate for collecting.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia ceratistes

Encyclia ceratistes

Common Name: Horned-Columned Encyclia

Native to: Central America and Brazil, Columbia, and Venezuela. It is found growing in wet oak forests from 330 to 1600 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Large. The pseudobulbs of Encyclia ceratistes are pear-shaped and have from one to four fleshy leaves.

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia ceratistes have clear yellow-green petals and sepals and are star-shaped. The lip is white with purple veins. The column is dark and has projections on the cap that look like cow horns. The flower stem is long and arching and grows from 2 to 5 feet (60-150 cm) in length. Lots of flowers occur on the heavily branched stem that emerges from freshly matured growths.

Bloom Season: Spring to Fall

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Grow Encyclia ceratistes mounted on cork plaques or in a well-drained slatted basket.

Synonyms: Epidendrum ceratistes, Epidendrum ramonense, Encyclia ramonensis, Epidendrum oncidioides var. ramonense, Encyclia oncidioides var. ramonensis; Encyclia oncidioides var. ramonense; Encyclia ramonensis; Epidendrum ceratistes; Epidendrum oncidioides var. ramonense; Encyclia peraltensis; Epidendrum peraltense; Epidendrum ramonense

Encyclia caximboensis

Encyclia caximboensis

Common Name: Caximbo Hill Encyclia

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia caximboensis is found growing near Caximbo Hill in Para, Brazil on a military base. It grows on rocks.

Plant Size: Medium. Fragrant. The pseudobulbs of Encyclia caximboensis grow from 1 to 3 inches tall and 1 to 2 inches wide. There are between one and tree leathery leaves that are between 5 and 9 inches (13-22 cm) long. The leaves are upright and feel like leather.

Flower Size: Small

Flower Description: The petals of Encyclia caximboensis are greenish and have brown veins. The lip is white and has purple veins across the entire surface. The stem grows up to 18 inches (50 cm) tall and bears up to 9 flowers.

Bloom Season: Winter to Spring

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Grow this species mounted on cork, in slatted baskets, or in clay pots with inorganic media (like Aliflor). Let plants dry between watering and provide air circulation.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia cardimii

Encyclia cardimii

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia cardimii was discovered by Arturo Ferreria de Mellow near Motes Claros in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. It was found growing on rocks in mountainous terrain in central Brazil.

Plant Size: Medium. The pseudobulbs are tall and narrow (up to 8 cm tall) and the leaves grow to 8 inches (20 cm) long. Leaves are almost 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide.

Flower Size: About 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: Encyclia cardimii has yellow-brown petals and sepals. The lip is white with magenta veins.

Bloom Season: Spring?

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Encyclia cardimii seems to be lost to cultivation at the moment. The flower is different than many other rupicolous Encyclia species and should be rediscovered and distributed to the orchid growing community for preservation.

Synonyms: Encyclia oncidioides

Encyclia calamaria

Encyclia calamaria
Small plant grows well mounted on tree branches or cork plaques.

Flower is cream with maroon striations.

Wild-grown plant creeps along branches.

Encyclia candollei

Encyclia candollei

Common Name: Candole's Encyclia

Native to: Mexico, Belize, Guatemala. Encyclia candollei grows on oak trees in mountainous forests between 500 and 1500 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Medium to large. The tightly clustered round pseudobulbs have two or three oblong, tongue-shaped leaves.

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: Mature pseudobulbs of Encyclia candollei produce a tall flower stem that cares between 2 and 8 flowers on a 36 inch (1 m) stem. The flowers are displayed high above the leaves and have a mild fragrance.

Bloom Season: Spring to Summer

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Grow this species mounted on cork bark, tree fern, or driftwood. Cattleya orchid conditions are acceptable. Allow plants to dry between waterings and reduce water during the winter months to encourage dormancy and prevent root rot.

Synonyms: Encyclia flabellata; Encyclia laxa; Epidendrum candollei; Epidendrum cepiforme; Epidendrum flabellatum; Epidendrum laxum

Encyclia burle-marxii

Encyclia burle-marxii

Native to: Encyclia burle-marxii was discovered by the famous Brazilian landscape architect Roberto Burle-Marx. It was found growing on rocks near Baixo Guandu in the Brazilian State of Epirito Santo in the mountains.

Plant Size: Small to Medium. Encyclia burle-marxii has oval pseudobulbs that grow to 2 inches (5 cm) in height. There are three leaves per growth that are stiff and oblong and grow to 10 inches (25 cm)

Flower Size: About 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: Encyclia burle-marxii has pale apple-green petals and sepals that are washed with brown. There is a prominent light green banding at the margins. The lip is white or greenish white and has several violet or magenta veins clustered in the center. The flower spike grows about 12 inches (30 cm) tall and bears up to 20 flowers that open in succession.

Bloom Season: Spring

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Encyclia burle-marxii is best grown mounted or grown in baskets slatted baskets with excellent drainage. Let the plants dry a little between watering. This species is seldom seen in collections. It was discovered by Brazilian landscape architect Roberto Burle-Marx who discovered the plant growing on one of his expeditions into the wild landscape of Brazil.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia buchtienii

Encyclia buchtienii

Common Name: Buchtien's Encyclia Orchid

Native to: Peru. Encyclia buchtienii if found in the Peruvian state of Cajamarca where it is found growing around 900 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Large. This species has tall cylindrical pseudobulbs and two or three leathery leaves.

Flower Size: Small.

Flower Description: Several small flowers are widely spaced on a 40 inch (1 m) unbranched flower stem.

Bloom Season: Spring?

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm

Additional Information: Encyclia buchtienii is similar to Encyclia ambigua and Encyclia tachychila. Grow mounted on cork or in slatted baskets. Cattleya growing conditions are adequate. The species was named in honor of Mr. Buchtien who was a prominent orchid collector in 20th century.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia bragancae

Encyclia bragancae

Native to: Encyclia bragancae is native to Brazil. It was found growing in Parque Nacional do Caparao where it was found growing on trees at 2200 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Small to Medium. Encyclia bragancae has small, tightly clustered pseudobulbs that have two strongly channeled leaves. The flower stem extends beyond the leaves.

Flower Size: Less than 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: Encyclia bragancae has fragrant flowers. The petals and sepals are yellow-green in color and obovate in shape and the apex is pointed. The lip is very distinctive and frilly and pink.

Bloom Season: Winter

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Encyclia bragancae Is best grown mounted or grown in baskets slatted baskets with excellent drainage. Let the plants dry a little between watering and maintain moderate to high humidity. Air circulation will reduce the chance of root rot. This species was named in honor of an imperial Brazilian family.

Synonyms: Encyclia xuxaensis, Encyclia xuxiana

Encyclia bradfordii

Encyclia bradfordii

Native to: Trinidad, Tobago, Venezuela. Encyclia bradfordii is found growing on the islands of Trinidad and Tobago as well as the coastal mountains of Venezuela.

Plant Size: Medium. Encyclia bradfordii has medium-sized egg-shaped pseudobulbs that are tightly clustered. Each pseudobulb has two wide leaves with blunt, rounded tips. The plant grows to 25 cm tall. The flower stalk extends two to three times beyond the foliage.

Flower Size: Less than 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: Encyclia bradfordii has a tall, branched inflorescence that produces numerous flowers. The flowers have narrow, pointed petals and sepals that are apple green in color. The lip is greenish-white and broader. Some flowers pollinate themselves before they open.

Bloom Season: Spring?

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Encyclia bradfordii Can be grown mounted, in baskets or in pots provided there is excellent drainage. Let the plants dry a little between watering and maintain moderate to high humidity. Air circulation will reduce the chance of root rot. This species has attractive (if small) star-shaped flowers. Its only drawback is the tendency for some individuals to self-pollinate before they open.

Synonyms: Epidendrum bradfordii

Encyclia bractescens

Encyclia bractescens

Common Name: Bractescent Encyclia Orchid

Native to: Mexico, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala. Encyclia bractescens grows on trees in humid tropical forests up to 1200 meters in elevation.

Plant Size: Small. The pseudobulbs are tightly clustered and have two shiny, tongue-shaped leaves.

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: Flowers are produced on a simple or lightly branched inflorescence that grows to 15 inches (38 cm) in height. The flowers are long-lasting and fragrant.

Bloom Season: Late Winter to Early Spring.

Growing Temperature: Warm to Intermediate.

Additional Information: Encyclia bractescens is easy to grow and rewarding for the hobbyist. Grow under standard cattleya orchid temperatures or warmer. They can grow well in pots with coarse fir bark or mounted on cork or tree fern slabs. Let them dry out between waterings.

Synonyms: Encyclia acicularis; Epidendrum aciculare; Epidendrum bractescens; Epidendrum esculentum; Epidendrum linearifolium
Encyclia bracteata

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia bracteata is found growing in the Brazilian state of Espirito Santo in forests near the Atlantic coast.

Plant Size: Small. Encyclia bracteata has small pseudobulbs and one narrow, fleshy leaf.
Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The petals and sepals of Encyclia bracteata are molted green and brown with green edges. The lip is bright magenta and contrasts nicely with the petals. One flower per growth is typical but well-grown plants can produce up to three flowers on one stem.

Bloom Season: Late Summer to Early Fall in cultivation (October in Brazil)

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Encyclia bracteata is best grown mounted on cork or grown in a slatted basket. It is easy to grow and produces attractive flowers.

Synonyms: Epidendrum bracteatum, Epidendrum pusillum, Epidendrum pabstii, Encyclia hoehnei, Prosthechea hoehnei

Encyclia bohnkiana

Encyclia bohnkiana

Common Name: Bohnk's Encyclia
Native to: Brazil. Encyclia bohnkiana is found growing in the Brazilian state of Bahia.
Plant Size: Medium
Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)
Flower Description: description
Bloom Season: Summer?
Growing Temperature: Warm
Additional Information: Mount on cork or tree fern and let dry between watering.
Synonyms: None.

Encyclia auyantepuiensis

Encyclia auyantepuiensis

Native to: Venezuela. Encyclia auyantepuiensis is found growing only on one mountain in Venezuela. It grows mainly on rocks and occasionally on trees in its native environment.

Plant Size: Medium

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: Encyclia auyantepuiensis has star-shaped flowers that are widely spaced along the flower stem. The flower color is purple-brown with greenish-brown edges. The lip is white or greenish with purple veins.

Bloom Season: Summer

Growing Temperature: Cool to Warm

Additional Information: This species is rare and seldom cultivated but deserves more attention by devoted orchid hobbyists. Grow under standard cattleya conditions. It probably grows best mounted on cork or grown in an inert media (like Aliflor) like rupicolous laelias.

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia atrorubens

Encyclia atrorubens

Common Name: Dark Red Encyclia Orchid

Native to: Mexico. It is found growing between 1100 and 1200 meters in elevation in oak forests in the Mexican states of Oaxaca and Guerrero.

Plant Size: Medium. Encyclia atrorubens has round pseudobulbs that have two narrow leaves.

Flower Size: 1.5 inches (3.75 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers are dark, rudy red and similar (if not the same as) Encyclia diota. The plant produces a tall (1 meter) branched flower stem with many flowers.

Bloom Season: Summer

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm

Additional Information: This may be the same as Encyclia diota. Grow mounted on cork or tree fern or in pots with a coarse growing media. Typical Cattleya conditions are acceptable for this species.

Synonyms: Encyclia diota subsp. atrorubens, Epidendrum atrorubens

Encyclia aspera

Encyclia aspera

Common Name: Rough-stalked Encyclia

Native to: Encyclia aspera is native to Columbia, Peru, and Ecuador where it grows in the Andes mountains. The species is locally common in some regions of coastal Ecuador.

Plant Size: Medium to Large. The plants have two 12 inch (30 cm) long leaves.

Flower Size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Flower Description: The flower stem of Encyclia aspera is tall and is two or three times taller than the foliage. The flower petals and sepals are pointed and ocher or dull-yellow in color and are widely spaced on the stem. Each branch has 5 to 7 flowers. The lip is white or greenish-yellow and there are between 5 and 7 purple veins present. Encyclia aspera has a raspberry or cherry fragrance. The flower stalk has a rough texture.
Bloom Season: Late Winter to Spring

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm

Additional Information: This species has fairly large flowers for the genus and is easy to grow. Encyclia aspera is best grown mounted on cork bark. Cattleya light and growing conditions are acceptable. Mounted specimens need high humidity for best growth and flowering.

Synonyms: Epidendrum asperum, Encyclia trachypus, Encyclia asperirachis, Epidendrum asperirarchis

Encyclia argentinensis

Encyclia argentinensis

Native to: Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina. Encyclia argentinensis is found growing on trees in bright light at low elevation.

Plant Size: Large. The pear-shaped pseudobulbs have a few long, narrow leaves that grow to 30 or 40 cm long.

Flower Size: Medium (bigger than most Encyclia flowers)

Flower Description: Encyclia argentinensis has dull yellow-green petals and sepals and a greenish-cream colored lip. Sometimes the lip, petals, and sepals have maroon veins. The inflorescence is branched and is about the same height as the leaves.

Bloom Season: Summer

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm.

Additional Information: Encyclia argentinensis is a vigorous grower and blooms well in cultivation. The flowers are large for the genus and the plant makes for an interesting addition to an orchid collection. In the past, Encyclia argentinensis was confused with Encyclia oncidioides but the two species are not closely related.

Synonyms: Epidendrum argentinense, Encyclia saltensis, Epidendrum oncidioids var. gravidum, Epidendrum gravidum, Encyclia gravida

Encyclia angustiloba

Encyclia angustiloba

Native to: Ecuador, Bolivia, and Peru. Encyclia angustiloba is native the Andes in Ecuador, Bolivia, and Peru. It grows in dry thorn forests where it is sometimes found growing on cactus.
Plant Size: Medium. The leaves are narrow and grow to 10 inches (25 cm) in length. Plants that are exposed to bright sun take on a reddish coloration. Each pseudobulb has one or two leaves.
Flower Size: Small.

Flower Description: The attractive panicle is upright, branched, and has the flowers clustered at the tip. The petals and sepals are reddish-brown and the lip is white which contrasts nicely with the petals.

Bloom Season: Fall (October in Brazil)

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm

Additional Information: Provide Encyclia angustiloba with bright light and standard Cattleya growing conditions. Grow mounted or in slatted baskets. Keep on the dry side.
Synonyms: Encyclia mapiriensis, Epidendrum strobelii, Epidendrum angustilobum, Epidendrum guentherianum, Encyclia mapiriensis

Encyclia andrichii

Encyclia andrichii

Native to: Brazil. Encyclia andrichii is native to the state of Espirito Santo in Brazil. It is found growing on trees at approximately 200 meters in elevation.
Plant Size: Large. The leaves are 0.75 inches (2 cm) wide and 10 inches (25 cm) long and dark green.

Flower Size: Small.

Flower Description: The flower stalk grows up to three feet (100 cm) and has 15 to 20 flowers. The flowers of Encyclia andrichii are tawny brown or greenish brown and darker at the tips. The lip is white with flushes of rose coloration and veins. Flowers are mildly fragrant.

Bloom Season: Fall (October in Brazil)

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm

Additional Information: Little is known about the cultivation of Encyclia andrichii. It was first discovered outside the city of Sao Joao de Petropolis and described to science in 1992 (See Orchid Digest 56(3) for more information).

Synonyms: None.

Encyclia amicta

Encyclia amicta

Native to: Encyclia amicta is native to Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru, and Venezuela. It is widespread and common.

Plant Size: Medium. The foliage is long and narrow and grows to 10 inches (24 cm) tall.
Flower Size: 1.25 inches (3 cm)
Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia amicta are green or tan in color and have a pink flush on the petals and sepals. The flower segments are pointed. The lip is similar in color to the petals. The anther cap is dark maroon which is unusual for the genus Encyclia. The flower stem just barely stands above the foliage and has 8 or more flowers.

Bloom Season: Summer

Growing Temperature: Cool to Warm.

Additional Information: Encyclia amicta is adaptable and grows well under Cattleya conditions. It prefers to be mounted on cork or tree fern plaques or grown in slatted baskets. Well-grown plants can produce striking, award-winning specimens.

Synonyms: Epidendrum amictum, Epidendrum linearfolioides, Encyclia linearfolioides, Epidendrum amicta

Encyclia ambigua

Encyclia ambigua

Common Name: Ambiguous Encyclia Orchid

Native to: Mexico and Central America. Encyclia ambigua is found growing in southern Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua. It grows in open forests from 950 to 1875 meters in elevation. They grow on trees and occasionally on rocks.
Plant Size: Medium to Large. The oval pseudobulbs are clustered and produce two to to three tongue-shaped leaves.

Flower Size: 1.75 inches (4.5 cm)

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia ambigua are similar to Encyclia alata. The flower stem is branched and can reach 5 feet (150 cm). Flowers are fragrant and smell or honey or beeswax.

Bloom Season: Late Spring to Summer.

Growing Temperature: Intermediate to Warm.

Additional Information: Encyclia ambigua is another tall-flowered species from Central America. Grow mounted on cork bark or tree fern or in a pot with adequate drainage. Provide typical Cattleya conditions with average light and humidity. A large specimen becomes a great conversation piece.

Synonyms: Encyclia trachychila; Epidendrum alatum; Epidendrum ambiguum; Epidendrum trachychilum

Encyclia amanda

Encyclia amanda

Common Name: Lovely Encyclia Orchid

Native to: Native to Belize to Panama. Also, it has been reported growing wild in the Mexican states of Oaxaca, Chiapas, and Quintana Roo. Encyclia amanda grows at low elevation (below 1000 meters) in hot, tropical forests.

Plant Size: Small to Medium. Encyclia amanda has rough, pear-shaped pseudobulbs and one or two broad, tongue-shaped leaves.

Flower Size: Small. 0.5 to 0.75 inches (1.25 to 2 cm)

Flower Description: Flowers are small and attractive and resemble Encyclia chloroleuca. The flower spike emerges from maturing or mature pseudobulbs and bears 4 or 5 flowers.
Bloom Season: Winter

Growing Temperature: Intermediate.

Additional Information: This species may be a synonym for Encyclia chloroleuca. Grow mounted on cork bark or in a slatted basket. Clay or plastic pots may work if the drainage is good and they do not hold too much moisture. Grow under standard Cattleya orchid conditions.

Synonyms: Epidendrum amandum

Encyclia altissima

Encyclia altissima

Common Name: Very Tall Encyclia


Native to: Encyclia altissima is native to some islands in the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands in the Caribbean Sea. These plants grow at very low elevation (less than 10 meters above sea level) and they receive very little rainfall. The daytime humidity can be as low as 5 percent. They are found growing on cacti and on the stems of small, bushy shrubs. Some grow on coral rocks.

Plant Size: Large. Encyclia altissima has tall, upright pseudobulbs that have two or three stiff, reddish leaves. The plants are large in size.

Flower Size: Small.

Flower Description: The small, fragrant flowers are produced on a very tall (up to 4 meters) unbranched inflorescence. One stem can have up to 200 flowers. The flowers of Encyclia altissima smell like a combination of honey and beeswax.
Bloom Season: Late Winter
Growing Temperature: Warm to Hot
Additional Information: This is a challenging species to grow because it is adapted to a very hot, dry environment unlike most other orchids. It should be watered very sparingly and only occasionally and probably could be treated like a cactus. Watch for fungus. Provide bright light, air circulation, and low humidity.

If you have successfully grown this species for a few years, let me know how you did it. E-mail you success story to the Webmaster.

Synonyms: Epidendrum altissimum; Epidendrum hodgeanum; Encyclia hodgeana

Encyclia albopurpurea

Encyclia albopurpurea

Native to: Encyclia albopurpurea is native to the Tapajos river basin in the Brazilian state of Para. It was found growing on calabash trees.


Plant Size: Small to Medium. Encyclia albopurpurea has oval pseudobulbs and two or three long, narrow leaves. The flower stem is tall and bears multiple flowers that stand well above the foliage.

Flower Size: Large (for an Encyclia)

Flower Description: The flowers of Encyclia albopurpurea are large and yellow-brown to off-white and have well-defined carmine veins on the petals and sepals. Some individuals have maroon markings on the base. The lip is saddle-shaped and white. The flowers are quite fragrant and smell like vanilla.

Bloom Season: Spring (September in Brazil)

Growing Temperature: Intermediate

Additional Information: Grow under Cattleya conditions and provide intermediate to warm temperatures. Encyclia albopurpurea blooms in the spring. This species is beautiful but rare.
Synonyms: Epidendrum albopurpureum